It was a time of minimal presence in Chinese history.We all know tang, Song, Yuan, Ming and Qing, but few people know that there is a period of 53 years of five Dynasties and ten Kingdoms between tang and Song.This period of history was no less chaotic than that of the Northern and Southern Dynasties.In a short period of 53 years, there were 14 emperors, and before the people could remember who the last one was, the world changed masters again.As a matter of fact, the Five Dynasties and Ten States were a struggle among 15 local regimes, none of which could unify the whole country. However, five of them, the later Liang, the Later Tang, the later Jin, the later Han and the Later Zhou, occupied the central Plains and were relatively strong, so they were called the Five Dynasties by later generations.Ten states refer to many separate regimes that existed outside the Central Plains, among which former Shu, Later Shu, Southern Wu, Southern Tang, Wuyue, Min, Southern Chu, Southern Han, Nanping and Northern Han are collectively referred to as “Ten States” by historians of later generations.The five Dynasties went through 53 years from 907 AD, when Zhu Wen, king of Liang, accepted Li Chuk’s abdication of Emperor Ai of Tang and established the later Liang in central China, to 960 AD, when Zhao Kuangyin launched the Chenqiao Mutiny and huangchang Jiashen accepted Li Chuk’s abdication of Emperor Zhou and established the Northern Song dynasty.And countries is in the northern song dynasty, it was not until 979 AD has been unified, forming the situation of the northern song dynasty and qidan confrontation, so there of 20 for 77, and “the five dynasties and ten states” is for “five generations” and “of” es, only after we intercept point is from the tang dynasty perish before the song dynasty set up as the existence of the five dynasties and ten states during this period of time.To make sense of this troubled history, the story has to go back to the beginning.In 878, the Uprising of Huang Chao broke out. Although Zhu Wen was in charge of Huang Chao, he betrayed huang Chao and surrendered to the Tang Dynasty.After the Huang Chao Uprising, Zhu Wen took advantage of the chaos within the Ruling group of the Tang Dynasty, led his troops into Guanzhong, forced Emperor Zhao Xuan to abdicate, declared himself emperor, and established the Later Liang.But zhu Wen liked his daughter-in-law very much. Whoever had the best daughter-in-law, he chose to be crown prince.Only five years later, he was killed by his own son, Zhu Yougui, because of the succession problem.Unexpectedly, zhu Yougui, like his father, was killed by his younger brother, Zhu Youzhen, after only 243 days as emperor because of his intemperance.After the internal turmoil, the Later Liang fell gradually. After 16 years of rule, it was destroyed by Li Cunxu in 923.Li Cunxu’s father, Li Keyong, regarded the Tang Dynasty as orthodox, so It was called the Later Tang after the destruction of the Later Liang.Li Cunxu: At the age of 11, he fought against the enemy. At 38, he founded the Later Tang Dynasty. He was a hero who was wronged by the actors.In 926, Li Cunxu, who was in power for only three years, was killed during the uprising of Xingjiaemen because he promoted smart people and killed the influential figures. All the descendants of him and his father Li Keyong were killed by Li Keyong’s adopted son Li Siyuan. Li Siyuan became the second emperor of the Later Tang Dynasty.After Li Siyuan died of illness, his son’s throne was replaced by his adopted son Li Congke in just five months.In 936, Shi Jing tang took yelu Deguang, the Khitan emperor, as his father and, in exchange for 16 states of Youyun, colluded with khitan troops to invade Luoyang and established the later Jin.But shi Jing tang’s claim to be a son was opposed by many.Well, that’s what killed his successor.After Shi Jingtang died, the waves of life threw his successor shi Zhonggui to the bottom of the valley in just five years and made him the ruler of a subjugate state.In 947, the Khitan occupied the Central Plains and retreated north after burning, killing and plundering. Liu Zhiyuan seized the opportunity to proclaim himself emperor in Taiyuan and establish the Later Han.But this Liu Zhiyuan just declared emperor less than a year died of illness.After his second son Liu Chengyou ascended the throne, he launched a military rebellion. Liu Chengyou became suspicious of guo Wei, the general who was ordered to fight against the rebellion, forcing Guo Wei to rebel.The Later Han lasted only three years before it was replaced by the Later Zhou founded by Guo Wei.After guo Wei ascended the throne, he reduced corvee, rectified military discipline, and cracked down on corruption. Although the Later Zhou lasted only ten years, it was the strongest of the five dynasties.After Guo Wei died, his adopted son Chai Rong ascended to the throne.This Chai Rong can be said to be the strongest emperor in the five dynasties. Although he was in power for only five years, he reformed the imperial army, expanded Tokyo, launched three expeditions against the Southern Tang dynasty, forced the southern Tang dynasty to cancel the emperor title, ceded the area north of the Yangtze River, attacked the Liao in the north, recovered three prefectures and three passes, and fought all over the world.However, Chai Rong died at an early age. After his youngest son Chai Zongxun succeeded to the throne for a year, he experienced the Chenqiao Mutiny and was in the position of Zhao Kuangyin. The Later Zhou dynasty ended and China entered the Song Dynasty.If you like it, please click on it. Next time, you will see the history of the Northern Song Dynasty.