Behind Japan’s surrender in 1945: Was it an unconditional surrender


On August 15, 1945, Japan announced its unconditional surrender.What are some little-known stories about why the Japanese suddenly announced their unconditional surrender?What role does the United States play in all this?Japan surrendered and the Axis was broken, Japan was losing world War II and the Axis that started World War II was made up of Italy, Germany and Japan.In September 1943, Italy announced its unconditional surrender. Two years later, Germany submitted its instrument of surrender in May.When Italy surrendered in 1943, leaving only two of the original Axis powers, Japan began to struggle.As we all know, the war was a war of attrition. Japan was small in territory and not rich in resources. Moreover, a large number of its subjects were engaged in foreign wars, so most of their resources could only be plundered from other countries.For a long time, It was China that Japan took as its dupe.But since Italy’s withdrawal from world War II, Japan has been losing ground in East Asia, with a large part of its forces held hostage by The Chinese army, so it is unable to do well in other battlefields around the world.At that time, the United States gradually gained the initiative in the Pacific battlefield. The Naval battle of Iwo Jima and the Battle of Okinawa island made Japan experience the bitter fruits of the war again and again, and the domestic economy was also greatly affected.The Allies were winning battles in Europe and the Pacific, and anti-fascist sentiment was rising around the world. It was only a matter of time before the biggest fascist Japan was defeated.But surrender was an undesirable outcome for a significant part of Japan’s elite.On July 17, 1945, the heads of state of the Soviet Union, the United States and Britain held a meeting in Potsdam.The three heads of state jointly issued the Potsdam Proclamation.The Potsdam Proclamation was meant to urge Japan to surrender, but many Japanese officials ignored it.Despite the surrender of German fascism and the defeat of several of Japan’s world wars, the Japanese felt that they still had 7 million soldiers and more than 5,000 aircraft at home and could afford to start all over again.Of course, in addition to its own domestic power, Japan had one last trump card — the Soviet Union.Japan had hoped that the Soviet Union would remain neutral, as stipulated in the 1941 Treaty of Neutrality between The Soviet union and Japan, while helping to mediate between the various countries. Japan was clearly disappointed.Because the Soviet Union was already quietly aligned with the Allies.The Potsdam Proclamation was able to be promulgated, and the Soviet Union also played a significant role in it.After the Potsdam Proclamation was issued, Japan’s top officials had a fierce debate. Some argued that the country could not afford to consume any more and should surrender as soon as possible, while others thought that the Yamato people should not surrender.These people have always believed that “it is better to lose than to surrender”.Stalin (first from the right) and the Asahi Shimbun, Japan’s leading newspaper, said, “The Potsdam Proclamation and the Yalta Declaration are similar.”Such attitudes spread to the United States and other countries as Japan’s rejection of the Potsdam Proclamation.What the Japanese said and did was nothing less than a provocation to americans.Not long after that, on August 6, 1945, the United States dropped its first atomic bomb on Hiroshima, Japan, killing hundreds of thousands of Hiroshima’s residents in an instant.It was less than a month before the United States had developed the atomic bomb. Everyone knew that the atomic bomb was powerful, but the bomb dropped on Hiroshima gave everyone a practical idea of the power of the atomic bomb.Named “fat man” atomic bomb Japan’s war faction silent, all Japan’s high-level almost reached a consensus: or surrender!Japan’s Emperor Hirohito felt the same way.But as ruler, he was more concerned with his own interests, and he wanted the Soviet Union to protect him.Emperor Hirohito did not know, and the Soviet Union was in no mood to intervene.The day after the US dropped the bomb, the Soviet Union could not resist declaring war on Japan.History has called this event the “August Storm,” and the Soviets knew that if they did not declare war, they would not be able to legitimately share their postwar interests.After the first atomic bomb was detonated, the question of “should we surrender?” was no longer necessary, but the question of “how to surrender.”The Chinese version of the journal at Potsdam prime minister suzuki penetration, and others claim to accept the Potsdam proclamation must attach “guarantee” the emperor conditions at the same time, while the other top-level said, you also need to attach themselves to disarm in Japan, to judge war criminals, allied to promise not to occupation of Japan, and other conditions.As Japan’s top leaders discussed in panic, caught off guard, the United States dropped a second atomic bomb.”Conditional surrender” The Japanese continue to glorify the war and deny this history.The Japanese, on the other hand, regard themselves as “victims of the atomic bomb” and even want an apology from the United States.At that time, Japanese Emperor Hirohito said he would accept unconditional surrender, but was it true that the fickle Japanese surrendered unconditionally and was there something else behind it?On August 10, 1945, after intense discussions at the top of Japan, Prime Minister Kotaro Suzuki decided to give the emperor the power to make a holy judgment.What did Emperor Hirohito Suzuki say?There is no actual evidence, but according to the accounts of those involved, Hirohito finally said that time would not allow Japan to continue its obstinate resistance, so he decided to surrender.In the morning, the Japanese Foreign Ministry told Allies that Japan was willing to accept the Potsdam Proclamation, but only if the imperial prerogatives were guaranteed.Two days later, the Allies responded to the Japanese demand.The Allied response was this: From the day of surrender, the authority of the Emperor and the Japanese government would rest with the Allied supreme Commander, and finally a new Government would be established in Japan in accordance with the terms of the Potsdam Proclamation and the freely expressed will of the Japanese people.Such a reply would ostensibly indicate to Japan that the emperor would not be abolished in the future, only that his powers would be limited to some extent.Hirohito’s reply influenced Japan’s judgment, and at 12 noon on August 15, Japan formally surrendered.However, readers familiar with the Potsdam Proclamation know that the Potsdam Proclamation clearly stipulates that Japanese militarism must be uprooted and Japanese war criminals must be handed over to the International Court of Justice.The Allied response clearly contradicted the Potsdam Proclamation.The status of the Emperor of Japan is high.He was in charge of the Japanese army.All aggression activities of The Japanese army must be approved by the Emperor of Japan. In other words, the Emperor of Japan led all aggression and expansion of Japan.If such a wicked man cannot be brought to justice, god will bear him.International Court of Justice But the allied provisions, but disguised to protect the interests of the Emperor of Japan.The leader behind this is the United States, which also has huge conflicts with Japan.On August 14, 1945, Emperor Hirohito issued an edict to the Japanese people to surrender and end the war.The edict is interesting. In it, Japan says its aggression is “for its own survival and the maintenance of stability in Southeast Asia,” and Japan simply says it accepts the Potsdam Declaration.As for the surrender provided for in the Declaration, Japan did not mention it at all.Surrender of Japan Was Japan’s surrender really unconditional?The facts tell us otherwise: Japan’s imperial system survives, Hirohito’s position is largely unthreatened, and the “surrender of Japan” that the world has been waiting for has become the “surrender of the Japanese army”.There were signs that “unconditional surrender” had become conditional surrender. Why had it become so?Behind Japan’s surrender: The United States’ attempt to move from non-surrender to conditional surrender was discussed for a long time at the top of Japan.The United States has not been idle these days. By crunching the numbers, the Americans have found that a single battle on The island of Okinawa has taken its toll.If the Japanese were to do so, the United States would have to send at least six million troops to the battlefield. Of those six million, at least half a million would have been killed, 1.2 million wounded, and the timeline of the war would have been extended, possibly to the end of 1946.The Americans captured the Japanese flag after the victory, but the Americans were not happy about the loss of life and the American was not willing to bear it, so he had to think of a way to do it without bloodshed, and the conditional surrender that the Japanese offered was exactly what the Americans wanted.In addition to fearing casualties in the war, the Japanese did not want the Soviet Union to gain more profits.Three days after the Us dropped the atomic bomb on Japan, the Soviet Union hastily declared war on Japan, and its power returned to the Far East, ready to send troops to Korea and Japan.In order to protect its own interests, the United States eventually “helped” Japan complete its surrender.Truman Before the Surrender of Japan, the army secretly burned many secret documents, which proved the crimes of the Japanese, and the criminal materials of gas warfare and germ warfare carried out by the Japanese fascists during the march were all burned by fire.Take our country as an example, Japan before the withdrawal of many gas bombs, bombs buried on the spot, for a long time the shell was corroded, a lot of venom outflow, to our country’s people, caused no small harm.After the war, when the United States took over Japan in a disguised way, Japan became the Base of the United States in East Asia, and turned a blind eye to Japan’s various violations of the agreement on surrender.Of course, sometimes the United States has been Japan’s accomplice.Before the bomb was dropped, President Harry Truman led an “interim commission” set up by the U.S. military. The main purpose was to determine what targets to drop the bomb on.After discussion, the committee finally listed Kyoto, Hiroshima and other three cities.Of the three, Kyoto is the ideal place to hit.One is the open terrain, which makes it easy for technicians to judge the effects of atomic bombs. The other is that Kyoto has completed military facilities and is the ancient capital of Japan for thousands of years.But after much deliberation, the United States gave up attacking Kyoto.U.S. Secretary of War Stimson said Kyoto was so important to Japan that once Kyoto was attacked, the Japanese would “never forgive the United States,” and it would be even more difficult for the United States to use Japan to cause trouble in East Asia.Truman thought this was a strong argument and, in consultation with the provisional Committee, removed Kyoto and added Okura and Nagasaki.Komura later survived bad weather and Nagasaki became the second target of a nuclear strike.After the bombing of Nagasaki, Japan’s surrender document clearly stated that Japan could not own military industry, and the hundreds of military factories in Japan at that time were supposed to be distributed among China, the United States, Britain, and the Soviet Union.But later, the United States handed over its military industry secrets to the Japanese private enterprises, and the private enterprises and the Japanese government have secret links.Obviously, the United States is supporting The Japanese to develop heavy industry in a disguised way, with the ultimate goal of making profits for itself.The United States made war money in the early years of the second world War, and it was the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor that brought the United States into the war.After the war, the United States also made a lot of money.In contrast, the Fascist countries, Italy and Germany have surrendered, Hitler with suicide disguised to repay the blood debt, the Japanese emperor escaped.But Germany and Japan are different in many ways.For example, Germany did not hide from its crimes and apologized for its mistakes, while Japan tried its best to erase its historical crimes!No matter how Much Japan glorifies it, their crimes during WORLD War II have long been written down in the history books.

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